Diabetes is a metabolic condition in which the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t respond to insulin properly, resulting in the affected person having high blood sugar levels. Because diabetes has no known cure, once a person is diagnosed they have the condition for life. The disease can be successfully managed and most people with diabetes live long and healthy lives.
There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2 . Each type is different and depending on which one a person is affected with will determine the lifestyle they must live.
About 5 – 10% of the people living with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. It is most commonly seen kids and young people. This form of the disease is when a person’s pancreas (the insulin producing organ) produces no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar levels by converting foods into glucose which the body uses as energy. Indications of diabetes having to urinate more than usual, excessive thirst and/or drowisness, and weight loss.
Someone with type 1 diabetes must take certain steps to live a healthy life. They must supply the body with insulin daily, either through injections or an insulin pump. A healthy diet, being sure to avoid processed foods and anything with high amounts of salt, starches, fats, and sugars, is necessary to help manage the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
It is also important to exercise regularly, making sure to monitor blood glucose levels as exercise can cause both highs and lows. When blood sugar is low before a workout, it is a good idea to have a snack before exercising. If blood sugar is high, check your blood for ketones; if they are present avoid exercise. People with type 1 diabetes who take daily insulin and monitor their diet and exercise can live normal lives.
Roughly 90 – 95% of people with diabetes are diagnosed with type 2, typically later in life. Although anyone can develop the disease, people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are generally over 40, overweight, don’t exercise regularly or eat healthy. In this second form of diabetes, the body produces some amount of insulin. However, either the pancreas doesn’t produce enough or the body doesn’t respond well the the insulin that is produced. The symptoms of type 2 are very similar to those of type 1 but can also include dry mouth, headaches, and, in rare cases, loss of consciousness.
Living with type 2 diabetes is slightly different than living with type 1 diabetes. Because the body does produce some amount of insulin, it must be monitored regularly throughout the day and only administered when needed. Typically, a small finger prick is used to draw blood and check blood glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes must monitor their diets and exercise in the same way as people with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can increase the risk of stroke and heart disease, as well as affect the sleeping habits of people with the disease. It is important to know the risks of diabetes and take proper precautions and live a healthy lifestyle to prevent further health complications.
A third form of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes and affects pregnant women. The symptoms are very similar to those of the second type of the disease and are treated the same way, with a proper diet and exercise and insulin doses if necessary. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 after their pregnancy has ended, but the disease disappears from the majority of women.
Being diagnosed with diabetes can drastically change the way you live and people living with diabetes have no easy task monitoring their disease. But with proper treatments such as diabetes protocol program, a healthy diet, and regular exercise, people with diabetes can live long and healthy lives.